How Electric Car Conversion Kits Work?
Would you like to drive an electric car? The popularity of electric vehicles is on the rise, so the supply of this type of cars is very limited. Fortunately, buying a brand new electric vehicle is not the only option you have. One of the most popular options nowadays is to simply convert a conventional car to an electric one. If you love your existing car, you can easily convert it into an electric, with the help of electric car build kits. Electric cars are much cleaner and safer for us and our environment than the traditional internal combustion engine (ICE) cars. But, do you know what exactly is electric car conversion and how does an electric car conversion kit work?
Electric car conversion is basically the process of removing the petrol or diesel internal combustion engine, the fuel tank, and the gearbox of a certain car, and replacing them with an electric motor, a control system, and a set of batteries. With an electric conversion car kit, you can successfully transform any car into an electric one – it doesn’t have to be an expensive or high-end car. It could be any car and even though it might not be as powerful as a newly manufactured electric model, it will definitely be identified as an electric car. However, according to auto experts the best type of vehicle for an electric conversion is a lightweight car with a manual transmission, because automatic transmissions use up too much power. Also, heavy vehicles will restrict the range of the electric engine, while lighter vehicles will move easier down the road. The car you’re converting would also need to have a solid chassis and a lot of space in order to hold all of the batteries you’ll be installing.
Let’s take a look at some of the benefits of converting your conventional car into an electric car:
An electric vehicle won’t produce carbon dioxide emissions while driving, which means that it reduces air pollution and saves an average of 1.5 million grams of CO2 over a year. Electric cars are cleaner and better for you and the environment.
Cheaper maintenance costs
Converting your car to electric will reduce operational costs. Electric vehicles are more efficient and less costly to operate, so they will save you a lot of money in the long run. With traditional cars, the older your car is, the more money and maintenance are involved. However, an electric car has fewer parts, therefore it requires less maintenance than a conventional one.
Electric cars are quieter
When you turn your traditional car into an electric one, you will notice that your car is very silent. Electric vehicles are quieter than diesel or petrol cars, which means that they contribute to creating a more enjoyable driving experience and a peaceful environment.
They are energy efficient
Electric cars directly convert electricity into movement, which makes them far more efficient than the conventional cars which have to burn fuel (creating heat) and then convert that heat into motion. An electric car can be more than 70% efficient from the moment you turn it on, while some of the best diesel engines struggle to get to 40% efficiency. This means that a traditional car wastes over half the energy in its fuel.
Types of Electric Car Conversion Kits
There are two types of electric conversion car kits available on the market today: universal conversion kits that can be installed in the majority of the vehicles, and custom conversion kits that are customized for specific models. The universal kits consist of all the important drive system components, but they don’t include some parts like boxes or battery holders. Custom kits on the other hand, consist of the entire drive system including battery holders and boxes, but they are created to suit a particular vehicle model.
Electric Car Conversion Kit Cost
Since electric car conversion requires removing the entire combustion engine from a car, installing an electric motor in its place and placing batteries, it can be really expensive. But, it’s well worth it in the long run. According to experts, a typical electric car conversion can cost you from $ 6,000 on parts. Also expect to pay around $ 1,000 to $ 3,000 on required labor. The conversion of some performance cars can cost over $ 100,000. However, in return for the initial cost, you’ll end up with a reliable, powerful and zero-emissions car that will require much less maintenance over the years than a traditional car. Electric vehicles don’t need oil changes and replacement, and frequent maintenance – the only big expense is the batteries, which you’ll have to replace every three or four years.
Steps to Converting a Traditional Car Into an Electric Car
Once you have your electric conversion building car kit and you have decided to convert your existing car or you’ve chosen a light and roomy model to convert into an electric, here’s what you need to do:
– Start by removing all of the components from the old internal combustion engine including the engine, fuel tank, muffler, starter, exhaust system, and the radiator.
– Replace the old motor with an electric motor which usually requires custom mounting brackets.
– Prepare your battery holders and install the batteries in the car (lithium-ion batteries are the best choice for electric vehicles).
-Then mount the power controller in the vehicle – this is essential to regulate the flow of energy between the motor and the battery.
-Add wiring to connect the batteries and motor to the controller.
-Now add the other necessary hardware such as the charging system for the batteries and hardware to operate the vehicle’s air conditioning and steering systems.
-Charge the batteries of your converted electric car to their fullest, and once you’ve installed and tested everything, your new electric vehicle is ready to go.
-Keep in mind that before you start driving your new vehicle, you need to have it registered as an EV, according to the laws of your state.
If you have enough technical skills and money for an electric motor car kit, you can convert your car to an electric at home. If you do it yourself, the hardest part will probably be sourcing the batteries and charging hardware. And if you don’t have the skills and the time, you can always talk to a professional – numerous companies nowadays offer electric kits to convert diesel and petrol cars.